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Zambia Nutrition PROFILES 2017 estimates were developed using a participatory and consultative approach with a multisectoral group of participants, including representatives of Government of the Republic of Zambia Ministries of Health, Agriculture, Local Government and Housing, General Education, Development Planning, Fisheries and Livestock, Water and Sanitation and Information and Broadcasting; cooperating partners; and nutrition implementers/researchers. Specific thanks are due to the National Food and Nutrition Commission (NFNC), Zambia Ministry of Health (MOH), CARE SUN Fund Management Unit, UNICEF, World Food Programme (WFP), Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute (IAPRI), Nutrition Association of Zambia, Civil Society Scaling Up Nutrition (CSO-SUN) Initiative, Zambia Institute of Policy Analysis and Research Central Statistics Office (ZIPAR), USAID/Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST) Project, Thrive Project, University of Zambia, and International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN).


The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in South-central Africa with a mild tropical climate. It is sparsely populated compared to some of the neighbouring countries. The population is young and predominantly rural. Zambia is severely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, which compromises social and economic gains the country is striving to attain. Mostly as a result of pandemic, life expectancy at birth has dropped sharply.
Zambia's economy has been traditionally dominated by the copper mining industry. However, following a sharp decline in copper earnings, the contribution of the agricultural sector to GDP has increased. Zambia has a huge agricultural potential, still largely untapped. The majority of the population is engaged in rain-fed subsistence farming. Reduced state support in the 1990s has led to a shift in crop production from maize, the staple food crop, to other crops (cassava and cash crops), but maize is still largely predominant. Livestock production remains far below its potential, notably due to recurrent drought and outbreaks of diseases.

 


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