The poor nutritional situation in Zambia reinforced the urgent need of appropriate and efficient interventions to mitigate malnutrition in the country. However, to effectively formulate and evaluate such nutrition interventions, food consumption data and nutrition status information are required to accelerate the combating this nutritional problem. Unfortunately, there was no updated information on the adequacy of micronutrient intakes in the country. The last National food consumption survey was conducted in 1971 while other micronutrient surveys were limited to few areas. In addition, over the last decade, there have been considerable social, economic and demographic changes in Zambia impacting the food consumption patterns of both rural and urban populations (Mason and Jayne 2009; Chapoto et al 2010). In response, periodic nationally representative food consumption data are critical to the planning and implementation of effective nutrition interventions.


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